Prehravani multimedialnich souboru po siti (DLNA)

O DLNA jsem se jiz zminil drive v clanku LED TV Philips S6000 a UPnP v Ubuntu. Pomoci DLNA software a zarizeni umoznujici prijem dat po siti skrze UPnP lze velmi snadno sdilet data mezi PC (stolnim, laptopem nebo NAS) a chytrou smart TV.

 

PS3 Media Server (home, ubuntu)
zrejme nejznamejsi a nejoblibenejsi zastupce, jenz existuje pro Windows, Linux tak MAC OS X. Ma prehledne ovladaci prostredi (GUI) s mnozstvim voleb nastaveni. Prave moznost jednoducheho spusteni a podpory sirokeho spektra chytrych TV patri PS3MS pravem mezi ty nejlepsi aplikace. Vice o DLNA lze nalezt napriklad na blogu a nebo E15.cz.
Sdilet samozrejme lze vsechny multimedialni formaty, tedy nejen video, ale i hudbu, obraz a take internetove odkazy (napriklad na internetove radio apod.).

Jednou ze zajimavych funkci PS3MS je automaticka detekce chytre TV, nicmene prave tohle muze zpusobovat v nekterych pripadech problemy. Napriklad u aktualni vydane verze doslo ke zmene parametru pro televizor Philips TV a pro spravnou funkcnost je potreba tzv. natvrdo prednastavit typ TV na Philips Aurea. Vycet vsech moznosti nastaveni a voleb by byl na samostatny clanek, mezi zakladni vlastnosti patri samozrejme podpora titulku (.sub, .srt) vcetne ceske diakritiky a moznosti volby priority jazyku dabingu nebo titulku u medii s vice zdroji.

 

MediaTomb (home, ubuntu)
Mediatomb je zajimavy media server jehoz komfortni ovladani a nastaveni je mozne provadet skrze lokalni www server, takze veskera cinost se provadi pouze v prohlizeci. Oproti PS3MS je podstatne skromnejsi a chudsi. Je standardne k dispozici pro Linux, FreeBSD a Mac OS X. Je mozne jej provozovat na zarizenich x86, Alpha, ARM, MIPS a Sparc coz vybizi k urcitemu cili mit jej spusteny napriklad na MiniPC. S podporou titulku se to ma asi tolik, ze bud nefunguje a nebo ma probem s kodovanim ceskych znaku – jednozacne vhodne je pripadne titulky umistit u video souboru primo do obrazu. Krome video souboru je mozne prehravat/sdilet dalsi multimedialni soubory jako jsou hudebni soubory mp3. ogg, flac a dalsi. Z obrazovych souboru samozrejme nejznamejsi jpg, png a jine.
MediaTomb nabizi siroke moznosti uprav jak samotneho fungovani tak modifikaci zdrojoveho menu, odkazu na soubory. Je mozno doinstalovat mnozstvi pluginu.

 

miniDLNA (home, ubuntu)
Jedna se o minimalisticky projekt cilici na jednoduchost a nenarocnost. Nema zadne graficke menu (GUI) a veskere nastaveni se tak provadi v nekolika konfiguracnich souborech nebo popripade v terminalu. Vzhledem k nenarocnosti miniDLNA se nabizi pouziti v kombinaci s NAS serverem, na kterem jsou umisteny multimedialni soubory. Minimalismus si ovsem zde vybira svou dan. Server zvlada zpracovavat standardni medialni soubory, ovsem napriklad titulky popripade specificke nastaveni jako u PS3MS zde neni mozne.
Idealni pouziti je v chytre krabicce (napriklad router nebo miniPC), kde bude nonstop streamovat medialni obsah z pripojeneho uloziste do site at uz pro prijem na smart TV nebo jinych klientech.

 

Serviio (home)
Svym zpracovanim a moznostmi se blizici PS3MS. Serviio je k dispozici pro Windows, Linux a Max OS X. Krome toho existuje i Android verze. Krome jineho je mozne zakoupit i placenou verzi, ktera nabizi rozsirujici moznosti jako spravu pristupu sdilenych souboru atd. Externi titulky jsou samozrejmosti stejne jako podpora velkho mnozstvi nejruznejsich formatu a zarizeni.

 

TVmobili (home)
Dalsi povedeny DLNA server velmi podobny predchozim PS3MS a Serviio. Je mozne jej stahnout jak pro Windows tak pro Linux a Mac OS X. Ovsem jedna se o prvni aplikaci, kde je omezeni na maximalni pocet prenesenych dat. Limit je v soucasnosti 10GB/mesic, v pripade vetsiho trafficu je nutno platit poplatky.

 

XBMC Media Center (home)
V neposledni rade je zde i zastupce snad ze vsech nejznamejsich. XBMC se stalo synonymem pro vsechny domaci multimedialni centra (home-theater). Nalezneme zde podporu snad vsech platforem jako jsou Windows, OS X, iOS, Android, Linux atd. XBMC je plnohodnotny nastroj a neni tak divu, ze se snim muzeme setkat jako s hlavnim podkladem pro ruzne domaci (NAS) systemy.

 

Odkazy:
http://www.makeuseof.com

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